Maintenance and Repair
By law, every employer must make sure that all work equipment (in our case, our main equipment are the
delivery vehicles) are maintained in an efficient state or in efficient working order.
preventive maintenance inspections may be based on time or mileage. Each vehicle must have a regular maintenance schedule
and a record must be kept for inspection and maintenance history purposes..
maintenance helps to prevent failures during use. It should be thorough, regular and frequent enough to meet the vehicles
attention must be given on the following;
- Tire condition
- Mirrors and any fittings
that allow the driver to see his surroundings clearly
- Windscreen washers
- Warning devices (for
example, horns, reversing alarms or lights);
- Ladders, steps, or
- Pipes, pneumatic or
hydraulic hoses, lifting systems, other moving parts or systems
- Specific safety systems,
for example, Hand brakes, to prevent the vehicle from moving unintentionally, anchor points or securing points for ropes.
- Engine noise and exhaust
- Fuel lines and tank.
Safety precautions in maintaining vehicles
- Apply hand brake each
time maintenance is to be carried out and as added precaution chock the wheels to prevent any truck movement in either forward
or reverse direction.
Start engine only while stepping on the clutch pedal, with hand brake engage and
the gear in neutral position
- Support and secure,
or if possible lock raised parts so that it won’t accidentally disengage and fall to cause untoward accident.
- Beware of the risk
of explosion when draining and repairing fuel tanks. Never drain or fill fuel tanks when the equipment is hot or in a confined
space, or over a pit.
- Avoid short-circuiting
batteries. Charge batteries only in well-ventilated areas. Suitable personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn before
handling battery acid.
- Make sure that maintenance
staff will not breathe (use face mask as required) asbestos dust from brake and clutch lining pads while doing repair works.
- Allow only authorized personnel who have received the relevant information, instruction
and training to do maintenance work.
obstruction in the cab or elsewhere is a very common cause of incident/accident. The crew should keep their vehicle as clean
and tidy as possible it should be free from grease or oil specially the walking surfaces, hand support and
ladder bars, so much so the platform area behind the cab wherein cargo will be loaded.
- Tire must be selected as per tire specification, and
the type of driving that is undertaken.
- Considerations shall be given to the loads, environmental
conditions, the weight and the tire pressure it can handle.
- Tire must be replaced if it exceeds, 2 years of age
being installed, exceeds 40,000 KM driving or when the tire shows any damage(tread depth is less than 2mm, torn or cracked)
tire must only be installed at the rear axle of the truck paired along with a good and not recapped tire. Inspection on this
type of tire must be more thorough and twice frequent compared to normal
People should never use parts
of the vehicle not designed as hand or footholds (such as mudguards, bumpers, tracks, hooks) to gain access to any part of
a vehicle. Parts of the vehicle not designed to support weight may give way, and their surfaces are likely to be unsuitable
or slippery to step in to.
further features to existing vehicles ('retrofitting') needs careful planning.
- Retrofitting must not
significantly weaken the chassis or body structure.
- Do not consider drilling
holes in the chassis and welding to it
- Retrofitting should
also take account of the structure of the vehicle.
- Avoid sensitive points
such as fuel tanks.